Iron Age, 300-200 BC
From a burial at Kirkburn, East Yorkshire, England
Proabably the finest Iron Age sword in Europe
At this time in the Iron Age (300-200 BC) few people were buried in graves when they died. However, East Yorkshire was an exception and this sword was found in a grave excavated by British Museum archaeologists in 1987. The sword was found in Grave 3. It was buried with a man who was in his late 20s or early 30s when he died. He was an old man; very few Iron Age men lived to be older than 35 to 40. After the dead man was placed in the grave, three spears were thrust into his chest as part of the funeral ritual. Another man, of similar age, was buried in the same small cemetery, but with a chariot or cart.
The iron blade of a sword needed great time and skill to make and the sword as a whole is an incredibly complicated weapon and piece of art. The handle of this sword is unusually elaborate. It is made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn. After it was assembled, the handle was decorated with red glass. The sword was carried in a scabbard made from iron and bronze. The polished bronze front plate was decorated with a La Tene style scroll pattern, and with red glass studs and insets.
The sword was clearly a valued object. The scabbard had been damaged and was repaired some time after it had been made, which might have been many years before it was placed in the grave with its final owner.
Length: 70 cm
Gift of J.S. Rymer
P&EE 1987 4-4 2
Room 50, Later Bronze Age & Celtic Europe, case 15
S. James & V. Rigby, Britain and the Celtic Iron Age (London, The British Museum Press, 1997), p.40, plate 45.
Related objects & informations:
Glass gaming counters
Pair of linchpins from a vehicle
Early Celtic or La Tene art
Weapons and warriors in Iron Age Britain
Iron Age burials in East Yorkshire
Burial and funeral rites in Iron Age Britain
Religion in Iron Age Britain
Britain in the Iron Age
Iron Age Britain