Iron Age, 400-300 BC
From the river Witham near Lincoln, England
The finest example of Early La Tene Celtic Art from Britain
This shield was made at the same time as the Chertsey Shield. In common with the Chertsey and also the Battersea Shield, the Witham Shield was found in a river. It was found in 1826 in the River Witham, near the village of Washingborough, outside the city of Lincoln. When the shield was first found, archaeologists could clearly see the shape of a wild boar on the front. In fact, the shape was cut from a piece of leather and fixed to the shield. The leather has rotted away, but its shadow remains as a different colour in the bronze. Today, the image of the boar has faded, but can still be seen if you look carefully. Small rivet holes across the centre of the shield show where the boar was fixed to the front.
This is not a complete shield. It is a decorative front fixed to a wooden back. The wooden back rotted away in the river long ago, just leaving the metal front. The decoration on the shield is one of the best examples of the way British craftspeople adopted the new style of La Tene art. The red colour on the shield's boss are small pieces of red coral from the Mediterranean. Coral decoration was rare on objects made in Iron Age Britain. Usually, red glass was used, as on the Battersea Shield.
Length: 109.22 cm ((3ft 7ins))
Gift of Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks
P&EE 1872 12-13 1
Room 50, Later Bronze Age & Celtic Europe, case 9
S. James & V. Rigby, Britain and the Celtic Iron Age (London, The British Museum Press, 1997).
Related objects & informations:
River Thames spearhead
The Witham Shield
Early Celtic or La Tene art
Britain in the Iron Age
Bronze in Iron Age Britain